Accordingly, on the issue of property division will be divided according to the provisions of Article 59,  the 2014 Law on Marriage and Family specifies the principles of division as follows:

  • The principle of bifurcation (Clause 2, Article 59, Law on Family Marriage) but taking into account the following factors:

– The circumstances of the family and of the spouse;

– The contribution of spouses to the creation, maintenance and development of common property. The labor of spouses in the family is considered as paid labor;

– To protect the legitimate interests of each party in production, business and occupation so that the parties can continue to work to generate income;

– The fault of each party in violating the rights and obligations of spouses.

Thus, it can be simply understood that the principle of bifurcation is that each party gets half (1/2) of the value of property created during the marriage. However, the judge will consider other factors such as: Each party’s own circumstances, contributions, faults of the parties … That is, it is not rigidly applied that the bifurcation is 50:50% of the value of the asset, but it can be understood more flexibly that the split can be: 40:60 or 45:55% of the value of the assets created.  In fact, in special cases it is possible to divide the ratio: 70/30 or 80/20 is still considered legal and legal.

  • The principle of dividing common property in kind (It cannot be divided in kind to divide by value with payment of the difference in value). This principle is quite easy to understand, the law prioritizes dividing in kind first, not dividing in kind, then valuing it into money to divide, the party receiving the item has the value of paying back to the other party with the difference amount.
  • The principle that someone’s private property is owned by that person (except in cases where separate property has entered into common property. In case of a merger or mixing of separate property with common property, the non-recipient party will be paid the value of its assets contributed to that asset).

2. How to determine common property, separate property of spouses?

According to the provisions of Articles 33 and 43  of the 2014 Law on Marriage and Family, there are provisions on the determination of common and separate property as follows:

2.1 How to determine the separate property of spouses

Separate property of spouses is included in the following properties:

+ Assets that each person has before marriage: Based on the date of marriage registration, if such property exists before that date, it is in principle the separate property of the party in whose name owns that property.

+ Property inherited separately, gifted separately during the marriage period: Based on the form of inheritance separately, donated to Private to determine separate property.

+ Property is divided separately between spouses (according to Articles 38, 39 and 40 of the Law on Family Marriage 2014).

+ Assets serving essential needs of spouses and other assets as prescribed by law.

+ Profits and profits formed from someone’s private property are his or her own property.

2.2 How to determine joint property of spouses

According to Article 33 of the 2014 Law on Family Marriage, common property includes:

+ Assets created by spouses, income generated by labor, production and business activities, profits, income arising from separate property and other lawful income during the marriage period

+ Assets that husband and wife inherit jointly or are gifted jointly and other assets agreed upon by husband and wife are common property.

+ The land use right acquired by spouses after marriage is the joint property of the spouses, except for cases where the spouses inherit separately, are gifted separately or acquired through transactions with separate property.

+ Common assets of husband and wife are owned jointly and consolidated, used to ensure the needs of the family and fulfill the common obligations of the spouses.

+ In case there are no grounds to prove that the property that the spouses are disputing is the separate property of each party, such property is considered common property.

In short, with this provision, in principle, property formed during  marriage (from the date of marriage to the date of divorce or the death of one of the parties) is considered joint property if it cannot be proved that it is separate property. And according to the principles of division of property when divorcing in section 1 to settle if the couple cannot agree on a division with each other.

To save time on researching procedures, filling out forms, notarizing, and waiting to submit documents, you can contact HT for consultation and assistance for Marriage and family issues

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